How China-town in Semarang get his name "Pecinan".
The name "Pecinan" is not special only for the Chinese area of Semarang, but for all the city's in Indonesia. Only in Semarang they call still the Chinese area "Pecinan".
In the urly days (before 1740) the Chinese community settled at Simongan and the area along Kaligarang, Gedung Batu and Panjangan, also called "Sinees Quartier". Look on this map
After 1740 the Chinese community must life in this special area called Pecinan and Kembangsari.
To make it easy to control, a card was issued for everyone to get out of that area.
There are 9 temples there, the oldest is at Gang Lombok (Lombok Alley)
In early September 1740, widespread rumours percolated through the European community at Batavia, that the Chinese were threatening to rebel.
Rumour had it that the Chinese were armed and collaborated with indigenous gangs from outside Batavia.
At the end of September 1740, Governor-General Adriaan Van Valckenier (1737-41) ordered all Chinese houses in town to be searched for arms.
On 9 October 1740, fire broke out and all control was lost. Dutch soldiers and citizens rushed out into the streets, entered the houses of the Chinese, robbing and killing men, women, children, babies, prisoners, even Chinese patients in the hospital, about 10,000 Chinese were butchered. Heuken graphically described the scene,
'Blood was everywhere and the canals full of corpses. Large sections of the city lay in ashes and over 10,000 were dead. The old city of Batavia never recovered from this blow. The golden days had passed for good.'
Only making additional payments to the Dutch troops to return to duty eventually stopped the looting.
There was clear evidence of the involvement of the colonial administration.
Later, Governor-General Van Valckenier admitted that 'a massacre of the Chinese would not be unwelcome.
The survivors moved to the north coast and allied with the Javanese princes. The war, between a coalition of Chinese and Javanese trader princess against the alliance between the Javanese king of Mataram and the Dutch, lasted almost seventeen years without interruption.
In 1757, the war was over. The remaining allied forces continued to rule in some enclaves in Java. The Dutch were exhausted by this war. They turned their attentions to open tea, coffee and rubber plantations.
After the war, the colonial administration imposed a regulation that forcing the Chinese to live in a specific area, called 'Pecinan' (China-town), and prohibiting them from travelling without a government permit.