Historical Sound - Radio - Indonesia.

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Radiotoespraak (in IndiŽ) door gouverneur-generaal Tjarda Van Starkenborgh op 8 december 1941 om 06.30 in de morgen.
Nederland verklaart Japan de oorlog en maakt dit via de radio aan de bevolking bekend.
Hij kondigt tevens de algemene mobilisatie aan.





Radio: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, 17 Agustus 1945 oleh Soekarno.
Radio: Indonesian Independence Proclamation on Friday, August 17, 1945 by Soekarno.
Radio: Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsdag Proclamatie op vrijdag 17 augustus 1945 door Soekarno





Radio: Transfer kedaulatan kepada Indonesia pada 27 Desember 1949
Radio: Transfer of sovereignty to Indonesia on 27 December 1949
Radio: Souvereiniteitsoverdracht aan IndonesiŽ op 27 December 1949





Asli radio pesan dari penyerahan Jepang pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1945 jam 07.00 di Belanda.

Orgineel Radio bericht van de capitulatie van Japan op 15 augustus 1945 om 07.00 uur in Nederland.

Orgineel Radio report 1945 07.00 hour in the Netherlands of the capitulation of Japan on 15 August.





BBC laporan pada pembukaan permusuhan oleh Jepang terhadap Britania Raya dan Amerika Serikat.

The BBC, reports on the opening of hostilities by Japan against Great Britain and the United States.

De BBC, bericht van de opening van vijandelijkheden door Japan tegen Groot-brittanniŽ en de Verenigde Staten.





BBC, rumah dan laporan tentang perang Angkatan Program Perkembangan di Timur Jauh hari setelah permusuhan membuka Jepang terhadap Sekutu.

The BBC, home and Forces Program reports on war developments in the Far East the day after the Japanese opened hostilities against the Allies.





NBC, Manila & Oahu di bawah serangan udara.

NBC, Manila & Oahu under air attack.

NBC, Manila & Oahu onder lucht aanval.






United Press, serangan Jepang di Pearl Harbor

United Press, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

United Press, de Japanse aanval op Pearl Harbor.






Jenderal Tojo dari Jepang menyatakan Perang pada Sekutu.

General Tojo from Japan declares War on the Allies.

Generaal Tojo van Japan kondigt de Oorlog op de Bondgenoten.






Liputan langsung pengeboman di Manila pada hari yang sama dengan serangan Pearl Harbor.

Live coverage of the bombing of Manila on the same day as the Pearl Harbor attack.

Live verslag van het bombardement op Manila op de zelfde dag van de aanval op Pearl Harbor.






Japanese Radio broadcast to the Nation announcing the successful capture of Singapore from the British.

Japanese Radio broadcast to the Nation announcing the successful capture of Singapore from the British.

De japanse Radio uitzending naar de Natie met de aankondigening van succesrijke inname van Singapore.






Franklin D. Roosevelt, thirty-second U.S. president

Asks Congress to recognize state of war with Japan

"Yesterday, December 7, 1941--a date which will live in infamy--the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan." (U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C., December 8, 1941)

On December 8, 1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared before a joint session of Congress and asked for an official declaration of war against Japan. The previous day, Japan had launched a surprise attack against Pearl Harbor, a U.S. naval base in the Hawaiian Islands. Losses were devastating: six of eight battleships, three destroyers, and seven other ships were sunk or severely damaged, and more than half the island's aircraft were destroyed. A total of 2,400 Americans were killed and 1,200 were wounded. In launching the surprise offensive, Japanese military command hoped that, in addition to disabling the U.S. naval fleet, the attack would depress American morale and push the isolationist U.S. deeper into a strictly defensive role in World War II. However, Pearl Harbor had the opposite effect. Overnight, American society rallied behind President Roosevelt, who over the last two years had been progressively pushing for an active military alliance with Great Britain against Germany and Japan. On December 8, with only one dissent, Congress declared that a state of war existed between the United States and Japan, and America formally entered World War II. Representative Jeannette Rankin, a Republican of Montana, cast the sole dissenting vote. An espoused pacifist, she had also cast a dissenting vote against the U.S. entrance into World War I. The same day, Great Britain declared war against Japan.




Harry S. Truman, thirty-third U.S. president

Threatens Japan with further atomic attacks

"We have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans. We shall continue to use it until we completely destroy Japan's power to make war." Location, Date: (August 9, 1945)

At 8:15 on the morning of August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a U.S. B-29 bomber, dropped the first atomic weapon ever used in warfare, a uranium bomb codenamed Little Boy, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Descending by parachute, it exploded several hundred feet above the ground in a silent, blinding flash. Within minutes the massive blast and the firestorm it produced had destroyed the majority of the city and killed almost 100,000 people, a third of Hiroshima's population. By the end of 1945, another 35,000 people had died from deadly radiation burns suffered in the attack. Several hours after the destruction of Hiroshima, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, returning from the Potsdam conference aboard the U.S. cruiser Augusta, announced the use of the top secret weapon against Japan. Truman explained that the atomic bomb had been used to save the lives of Americans that would be lost in an invasion of Japan, and would continue to be used until Japan accepted the Allies' terms of surrender. On August 9, Truman spoke publicly about the Hiroshima bombing again, and reasserted his threat to use additional atomic bombs against Japan until it agreed to surrender. Later that day, a second U.S. atomic bomb, this one plutonium-based and codenamed Fat Man, was dropped on the Japanese coastal city of Nagasaki. A third of the city was destroyed, and by the end of the year, some 70,000 of its citizens were dead. On August 15, Emperor Hirohito announced the Japanese surrender on national radio, urging the Japanese people to "endure the unendurable," and the most destructive war in human history had come to an end.




Douglas MacArthur, American general

Receives the Japanese surrender

"The issues involving divergent ideals and ideologies have been determined on the battlefields of the world." (Battleship U.S.S. Missouri, Tokyo Bay, September2, 1945)

On September 2, 1945, aboard the U.S.S. Missouriin Tokyo Bay, World War II officially ended as Mamoru Shigemitsu, the Japanese foreign minister, and General Yoshijiro Umeza, the chief of staff of the Japanese army, signed the unconditional surrender of Japan. A mass of news correspondents jammed the decks along with Allied officers from all of the participating countries. U.S. General Douglas MacArthur presided over the brief ceremony and signed the document on behalf of the combined Allied forces. Although the event officially ended the most costly and brutal war in human history, the Allied nations had already celebrated V-J Day, for "Victory over Japan," on August 15. On that day, Japanese Emperor Hirohito spoke publicly for the first time in a radio broadcast, explaining to the Japanese people in his unfamiliar court language that the "endurable must be endured." The surrender announcement came after a turbulent nine days that saw a declaration of war against Japan by the U.S.S.R. and two U.S. atomic bombs dropped on the country, leaving Japan with the choice of surrender or destruction. According to the terms of the document signed on September 2, Emperor Hirohito and the Japanese government were now subject to the authority of the Supreme Allied Commander of occupied Japan, a post subsequently filled by General MacArthur.